Is the way of knowing and generating, reliable
knowledge about natural phenomenon.
Is also a group of laws, based on observation
and followed by experimentation.
TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SCIENCE
These sick to encourage the individual through
practical experiences to develop manipulative
skills and help him or her to communicate
1. Process Skills
2. Basic Science Knowledge
3. Desirable attitudes and interest
4. Observing and classifying
BASIC SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
DESIRABLE ATTITUDES AND INTEREST
This help pupils to :
1. Develop self confidence and become self
2. Show willingness to find solution to their
problems and those of others .
3. Encouraged to ask questions about
phenomena in their environment.
4. Develop the habit of thinking in an
IMPLICATIONS OF TEACHING SCIENCE
1.Science instructions must stress what science
is and how scientists work and think.
2. Science teachers must aid students in
developing inquiry skills and learning useful
3. Students need to be taught the distinction
between opinions and facts so that they can
evaluate statement they read in news papers
and hear from others.
Is the process by which a scientific knowledge
and discoveries are applied and used.
some Field of scientific knowledge and it
1. Electricity – Refrigerator, electric,iron, light.
2. Dispersion of light -Paint, hair-dyes, nail-
3. Magnetism – Compass, loud speakers,
Differences between Science and
1. Science can be demonstrated and
understand WHILE Technology can be bought
and used without understanding.
2. Science products are intangible WHILE
Technology products are tangible
3. Science changes occur gradually WHILE
Technology can be changed and improved on
in a relatively short time.
1. They both create / solve human problem.
2. They are both reproducible .
3. They are closely interwoven.
THE STEPS OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD.
There is NO particular scientific method that
all scientists must use in their studies. But
these steps is the most use by scientists.
1. Recognizing a problem
2. Collecting Information on the problem.
3. Making hypothesis
4. Devising an experiment
5. Observing and recording results
6. Drawing conclusions.
This is a hypothesis that withstands years of
attempt to disprove it.